DAO Wars: Your voice on the soft-fork dilemma

The final week was fairly hectic for all of us in the Ethereum ecosystem. The DAO has proven us that it takes far more effort to jot down sensible contracts than we initially anticipated; but in addition that it takes a stunning quantity of debate to achieve a consensus on problems with this scale.

All people in our neighborhood was very vocal and forthcoming about how the downside must be fastened in his/her opinion, or whether or not there’s even an issue to repair in the first place. Whereas many have advised a direct hard-fork, the implications of such motion are but to be absolutely understood. An alternate suggestion was the creation of a soft-fork permitting miners to quickly put sure transactions on maintain, making an attempt to get well the funds with none invasive motion on the Ethereum protocol itself.

As there isn’t any clear, finest plan of action that may fulfill all neighborhood members equally, we have determined to provide the energy to the individuals working Ethereum to resolve whether or not they help this resolution or not.

To this finish, we have launched version 1.4.8 of Geth (codename “DAO Wars”) as a small patch launch to provide the neighborhood a voice to resolve whether or not to quickly freeze TheDAOs v1.0 from releasing funds or not. If the neighborhood decides to freeze the funds, only some whitelisted accounts can retrieve the blocked funds and return them to earlier homeowners. The same mechanism is supplied by version 1.2.0 of Parity too.

Word: If the soft-fork passes, it’ll block all DAOs from releasing funds, not simply the ones the neighborhood considers attacked. That is understandably undesired for all legitimately cut up DAOs. As such – if the neighborhood votes to enact the soft-fork – we suggest a observe up patch to the soft-fork that may whitelist all DAOs cut up based on the intent upheld by the enacted soft-fork.

The right way to use this launch?

Miners supporting the DAO soft-fork can accomplish that by beginning Geth 1.4.8 with –dao-soft-fork. This may trigger the block gasoline limits to be lowered in the direction of Pi million till the deciding block 1800000 (approx. 6 days from now) is reached. If the gasoline restrict of this block is beneath or equal 4M, the soft-fork goes into impact and (all updating) miners will begin blocking DAO transactions that launch funds.

Miners not supporting the DAO soft-fork can run Geth usually with none additional arguments wanted. They’ll attempt to preserve the block gasoline limits at the present 4.7 million. If the gasoline restrict of the decisive block can be above 4M, the soft-fork is denied and (all updating) miners will settle for DAO transactions that launch funds.

Word: All updating shoppers will agree upon the end result of the vote and can adhere to that call. If the soft-fork vote passes, miners voting in opposition to it’ll begin blocking transactions too; whereas if the soft-fork is denied, miners voting for it’ll additionally settle for all transactions.

What if I do not replace?

Miners who don’t replace by definition vote in opposition to the soft-fork as they are going to proceed the present logic of conserving the gasoline restrict above the vote threshold. If the soft-fork is accepted by the majority, non-updating miners will nonetheless settle for blocked transactions. In that case, non-updating miners will both fork off their very own Ethereum community, diverging from the majority, or will forfeit any blocks they mined (since it is not accepted by the majority, overruling the minority blocks).

Ought to non-miners (nodes, wallets, mist, and many others) replace?

From the perspective of non-miners, this replace has little relevance. Both end result of the vote is equally legitimate from a plain node’s perspective, so plain nodes will settle for the heavier chain miners resolve on with out having to know something about the soft-fork mechanism or outcomes.


This release implements a soft-fork. A soft-fork is completely appropriate with all protocol guidelines and requires solely the consensus of the majority of miners to enact. It’s short-term and might be eliminated/amended at any time limit upon miner consensus. It doesn’t break protocol guidelines; it doesn’t roll again any executed transactions/blocks; and it does change not any blockchain state outdoors of the authentic protocol capabilities.

Word: This launch doesn’t signify a consent to hard-fork the community. It’s a means to provide individuals extra time to provide you with the finest resolution.

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