Exploring SynFutures V3 and the Oyster AMM

SynFutures, a decentralized perps trade, has been waking waves in DeFi for the previous few years. It has outstanding traders, a big consumer base, and a formidable buying and selling quantity, which implies it has all the elements that might make it a challenge to observe in 2024 and past. On this article, let’s dive into SynFutures to know the challenge and take a look at what’s so particular about its latest product releases and campaigns. 

Early Stage

SynFutures is a multi-chain decentralized derivatives trade. The challenge has the backing of quite a few massive VCs, together with Pantera, Polychain Capital, DragonFly, and Customary Crypto, and the DEX just lately raised over $22 million in a Sequence B funding spherical. SynFutures V1, the first iteration of the platform, launched in June 2021 and launched the idea of single-token liquidity via the Artificial Automated Market Maker (sAMM) mannequin. This allowed LPs to fund any pool on the protocol with only one token, often a stablecoin. 

Single-token liquidity introduced a lot consideration and curiosity to the challenge, which rapidly adopted up on its success with the launch of SynFutures V2. V2 launched permissionless itemizing, permitting LPs to listing any crypto tokens, cash, NFTs, and indices in 30 seconds with out prior approval. With permissionless itemizing and single-token liquidity, the challenge goals to turn out to be the major derivatives vacation spot for giant and small belongings. 

In line with reports from Messari, V1 and V2 have a cumulative quantity of greater than $23 billion, with over 10,000 customers and almost 250 pairs listed for commerce. The achievement is spectacular, contemplating the challenge has but to announce a token. As soon as that announcement is made, we are able to count on elevated buying and selling exercise from new customers and airdrop farmers, which can doubtless enhance its buying and selling metrics, and the charges earned via these actions may even shoot up.

Launch of V3

The protocol simply launched SynFutures V3 on Blast mainnet. Like the earlier variations, V3 introduces an improve that may majorly influence liquidity suppliers (LPs) and merchants. The brand new model comes with a brand new AMM mannequin referred to as Oyster AMM (or oAMM), permitting LPs to supply concentrated liquidity for any by-product pair listed on the platform. LPs can already present single-token liquidity, however with the new AMM, LPs may even be capable of present single-token concentrated liquidity. This new characteristic might enhance capital effectivity for liquidity suppliers and get them greater returns whereas lowering slippage for merchants; it’s a win-win answer for all events concerned. 

How V3 works

In line with the SynFutures V3 whitepaper draft, the Oyster AMM mannequin was impressed by the artificial Automated Market Maker (sAMM) mannequin from SynFutures V1 and the Concentrated Liquidity Market Maker (CLMM) mannequin from Uniswap V3.  

In the order ebook mannequin, liquidity is often concentrated round the asset’s present worth, whereas the AMM mannequin spreads it throughout the complete worth vary. This makes AMMs much less environment friendly for LPs and ends in extra slippage for merchants. To keep away from this, Oyster introduces concentrated liquidity that permits LPs to decide on a variety round the present worth the place their liquidity could be lively. As well as, Oyster additionally will allow merchants to position restrict orders utilizing the order ebook mannequin. These orders are then positioned on the AMM curve as one other supply of liquidity.

Whereas Oyster AMM is just not the first time a challenge has tried to mix AMM with an order ebook, the earlier makes an attempt have principally adopted a hybrid system the place some components of the transaction happen off-chain whereas others happen on-chain. Such a system in the end is dependent upon the centralized directors who management the off-chain a part of the transaction, thereby making it neither decentralized nor trustless. Such techniques are additionally uncovered to potential backdoors and different vulnerabilities. Oyster, on the different hand, is absolutely on-chain, guaranteeing transparency and elevated safety.

Combining AMM and Orderbook on-chain is a fancy job. Subsequently, to make sure that the two varieties of liquidity complement one another, Oyster makes use of a construction referred to as ‘Pearl,’ which is a set of all the concentrated liquidity protecting a worth level and all open restrict orders at the similar worth. The picture and the clarification under present a step-by-step account of how the mannequin works and how an order will get executed in Oyster AMM.

Picture from SynFutures Blog
  1. When a market taker locations a brand new order, Oyster first checks the Pearl at that worth level. 
  2. It then takes liquidity from the restrict orders current at that Pearl. The transaction is accomplished if the liquidity in the restrict orders is sufficient to fill the market taker’s order.
  3. If not, Oyster AMM then takes liquidity from the AMM. This will increase the worth and strikes it alongside the AMM curve. 
  4. If the order will get fulfilled on the curve, the transaction ends. If not, the worth retains growing till the subsequent Pearl is reached. 
  5. The identical course of is adopted once more, the place the liquidity from the restrict order is crammed first, and then liquidity from the AMM is taken. 
  6. This course of continues till the complete order is crammed. 

This twin method permits SynFutures V3 to have considerably greater capital effectivity than most of its friends in the derivatives house. It even gives higher capital effectivity than a spot Dex like Uniswap V3. The desk under, taken from their whitepaper, exhibits the capital effectivity comparability between UniSwap V3 and SynFutures V3 at a particular vary. 

Mannequin Vary Capital Effectivity Enhance
Oyster AMM 99.99% to 100.01% 39,997.0x
UniSwap v3 99.99% to 100.01% 20,000.5x

SynFutures & Oyster Odyssey

To rejoice the launch of V3 and Oyster AMM, SynFutures has introduced ‘Oyster Odyssey’ marketing campaign that rewards customers with factors for offering liquidity on the protocol, the system is designed to reward consumer engagement and contribution to SynFutures ecosystem. 

The factors system is designed to reward customers who present liquidity and convey new customers to the platform. There’s additionally a thriller field mechanism and a spin-the-wheel system which provides a component of luck and enjoyable to the marketing campaign.

Trade on SynFutures V3  to study extra. 


Environment friendly use of capital is crucial in DeFi, particularly in the early stage, the place the complete liquidity obtainable is restricted. Whereas AMM fashions democratized liquidity provision, it suffers from decrease capital effectivity. Bettering upon it’s a essential step in taking DeFi mainstream. SynFutures’ Oyster AMM is one such enchancment that permits a dealer to theoretically take a commerce with zero slippage whereas nonetheless being absolutely on-chain; that may be a welcome growth. 

The put up Exploring SynFutures V3 and the Oyster AMM appeared first on CryptoSlate.

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