Less Trust, More Truth: Polkadot’s Native Token (DOT) Has Morphed and Is Not a Security.

Web3 Foundation

Daniel Schoenberger, Chief Authorized Officer, Web3 Basis

Three years in the past, in November 2019, Web3 Basis made a resolution that modified its trajectory and led to a transformation in enterprise processes, individuals administration and communications to most of the people. We selected to take the U.S. Securities and Trade Fee (the “SEC”) up on its provide to “come in and talk to us.” At this time, we’ll let you know why. Web3 Basis is happy to announce a landmark achievement in direction of the conclusion of Internet 3.0: the Polkadot blockchain’s native digital asset (DOT) has morphed and is now not a safety. It’s software program.

Internet 3.0

In 2014, Dr. Gavin Wooden, the founding father of Web3 Basis, coined the time period “Web 3.0” to explain a decentralized, trustless, serverless web the place customers management their very own knowledge, id and future. He introduced this new imaginative and prescient as a result of he believed that the present web infrastructure (i.e., Internet 2.0) inspired and facilitated the consolidation of energy by a dominant group of for-profit entities, a lot of which have been instrumental in constructing such infrastructure. In Dr. Wooden’s view, the Internet 2.0 web failed to satisfy fundamental human expectations of privateness and authenticity, and not accidentally, however by design. Many, if not most, of these well-known entities which are central to the typical particular person’s Internet 2.0 expertise depend on promoting as their sole technique of earning money. As well as, and intently associated to promoting, sturdy on-line monitoring and knowledge mining might obfuscate the reality. Removed from being a public utility, Internet 2.0 is a enterprise. The shopper, searching for an internet expertise, might, unwittingly, develop into the product, doubtlessly even with out his or her data of being monitored and influenced.

The Web3 Basis’s official mission contemplated a net that might take away the human battle of curiosity that exists between creators and shoppers of on-line content material and functions. The purpose of Internet 3.0 was to create a new web infrastructure that might present residents with a significant different to Internet 2.0 — an web that might proceed to supply the options and advantages that they anticipated from the Internet 2.0 world, however in a safer, decentralized, privacy-protecting format. Ideally, Internet 3.0 would allow people, not merely a cluster of highly effective, for-profit, advertising-driven entities, to manage their very own private knowledge, together with residence addresses, cellphone numbers, healthcare histories and many different types of private identifiable info.

One approach to create such a decentralized web was through the use of blockchain expertise, with Polkadot because the optimum design implementation. The imaginative and prescient of Polkadot was to contribute a base layer of vertical, use case-agnostic, coordinating software program that might finally assist create a viable different to Internet 2.0 for residents. Very similar to HTTP supplied rails for communication in Internet 2.0, as soon as constructed, Polkadot might allow blockchain interoperability and cross-blockchain communications in Internet 3.0. But, somewhat than invoking the well-known “blockchain trilemma,” the Polkadot developer group set the bar larger, making clear that decentralization and safety are usually not optionally available within the seek for scalability.

The purpose was at all times excessive, as a result of the purpose mattered. Interoperability and cross-chain messaging are usually not advertising and marketing gimmicks. They’re crucial to attaining Internet 3.0.

Over the previous a number of years, the blockchain area has developed into a various ecosystem, with many independently beneficial communities, with various cultures and objectives. Nonetheless, the person components of the blockchain trade proceed to lack the advantages of a extra mature, coordinated system. In different phrases, the entire shouldn’t be larger than the sum of its components. Fairly than functioning as an accessible on-line world, there stays a zero-sum side to it, as blockchains largely have remained siloed.

Come In and Speak to Us

In November 2019, three years after the discharge of the Polkadot white paper, Web3 Basis was nonetheless six months away from starting the Polkadot community launch course of, which might begin in Might 2020 and conclude with the ultimate launch of parachains in December 2021. But we have been at a crossroads.

Solely months earlier than, in April 2019, the workers of the SEC’s Strategic Hub for Innovation and Monetary Expertise (“FinHub”) had revealed its Framework for “Investment Contract” Evaluation of Digital Property (the “Framework”). The Framework’s elements recommended that almost each digital asset provided and offered for fundraising functions, initially, was extremely prone to represent a safety within the palms of preliminary purchasers. But the Framework additionally contained elements that indicated the existence of a compliant path ahead — one that might allow a digital asset initially provided and offered as a safety to be re-evaluated at a later date. A path that, beneath sure circumstances, would enable a digital asset, for functions of U.S. federal securities legal guidelines, to now not be a safety. In different phrases, to morph.

Starting in 2017, previous to the discharge of the SEC’s landmark 21A Report of Investigation: The DAO (“The DAO Report”), the Web3 Basis had fundraised, in compliance with U.S. federal securities legal guidelines, however, as of November 2019, we had not but delivered any digital belongings to preliminary purchasers. Whereas the Polkadot imaginative and prescient had not contemplated that the blockchain’s native token could be a safety, we understood that the SEC’s view was prone to be that the to-be-delivered token could be a safety, no less than on the time of supply.

As we noticed it, the stakes have been excessive, and the margin for error was slim. No matter it took to ensure that DOT, the native token of the Polkadot blockchain to be — or to develop into — a non-security, we have been keen to do it. And so, we determined to attempt to take the SEC’s FinHub workers up on the provide to “come in and talk to us.”

November 2022 marks the three 12 months anniversary of our engagement with the SEC. For 3 years, we’ve met recurrently with the FinHub workers. In doing so, we’ve adopted an method to compliance that’s just like our method to technical growth: head down and devoted, whereas setting the bar excessive. Because the outset, we’ve tried to interrupt new floor in our interactions with the SEC, complying with U.S. federal securities legal guidelines, together with with respect to the provide and sale, advertising and marketing and supply to preliminary purchasers of tokens as securities, and the therapy of retail purchasers, usually in step with public firms.

Our expertise has been a optimistic one. The SEC has welcomed conferences with the Web3 Basis, and there was a spirit of open communication and dialogue. These ongoing interactions have given us a deeper understanding of among the SEC’s considerations and have helped us to develop options to deal with them.

Through the years, we’ve developed what we consider is a workable idea of how token morphing could also be achieved for an more and more decentralized undertaking, like Polkadot, and a digital asset that, aside from having been provided and offered initially for fundraising functions, doesn’t, itself, bear security-like traits. We now have shared this idea many occasions with the SEC. (For additional reference, please see here.)

Within the meantime, we mark three years for the reason that date of our preliminary outreach to FinHub and almost one 12 months for the reason that completion of the Polkadot launch course of, which incorporates a really decentralized governance mechanism and on-chain treasury. According to the views that we’ve shared with the SEC workers, we’re happy to announce that DOT, the native digital asset of the Polkadot blockchain, has morphed. In our view, present day provides and gross sales of DOT are usually not securities transactions, and DOT shouldn’t be a safety. It’s merely software program.

Disclaimer: Nothing on this assertion is meant to be, and it isn’t, the provide or sale of any digital asset or safety. Equally, nothing on this assertion is meant to be, and it isn’t, authorized, funding or tax recommendation.

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